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Demography and Labor Forces
 

The following sections provide information about human resources in Palestine, including its level of quality, availability, cost, and legal issues.

Labor Law
The PA recently passed a draft to harmonize the separate laws between the West Bank and Gaza. The following table outlines the new amalgamated labor practices and policies.

 

Issue
Policy
Work Day / Week Maximum 45 hrs/week; no daily
Weekly Holiday One day per-week, any day
Overtime Pay 150% of salary for overtime
Annual Leave Minimum of 14 days for the first 5 years of employment; minimum of 21 days thereafter. **
Severance Pay 1 month of salary (excluding overtime hours) accrued per year, with no accumulation .
Worker's Accident Insurance All employers are required to carry insurance for employees.
Sick Leave Days 1-14=100% of salary; Days 15 - 28=50% of salary.
Minimum Wage 1,450 NIS
Transportation Reimbursement None required.
Maternity Leave 100% of pay for a total leave period of 10 weeks, providing that 6 weeks are taken after the delivery day.
Social Security and Medical Insurance None
 Source: Labor Law

 
 
Percentage Distribution of Population Aged 15 Years and Above in Palestine by Labour Force Status and Region, 2016(ILO Definition)

Gaza Strip

West Bank

Palestine

 Labour Force Status (Inside Labour Force)

55.9

36.3

32.5

Full Employment 

0.9

0.9

0.9

Time Related Underemployment

41.7

18.2

26.9

Unemployment

 

Gaza Strip

West Bank

Palestine

 Labour Force Status (Outside Labour Force)

23.3

25.3

24.6

Housekeeping

19.5

16.4

17.6

Study

8.3

7.4

7.7

Old/ill

2.8

5.4

4.4

Other


  
Persons Aged 15 Years and Above in Palestine by Labour Force Characteristics and Region, 2013-2016 (ILO Definition)

Labour Force Characteristics and Region

2013

2014

2015

2016

Palestine

Labour Force Participation Rate

43.6

45.8

45.8

45.8

Unemployment Rate

23.4

26.9

25.9

26.9

West Bank

Labour Force Participation Rate

45.0

46.6

46.1

45.6

Unemployment Rate

18.6

17.7

17.3

18.2

Gaza Strip

Labour Force Participation Rate

41.2

44.4

45.3

46.1

Unemployment Rate

32.6

43.9

41.0

41.7



Percentage Distribution of Employed Persons Aged 15 Years and Above in Palestine by Economic Activity, 2016

2016

Economic Activity

7.4

Agricultural, Hunting, Forestry & Fishing

13.4

Mining, Quarrying & Manufacturing

16.5

Construction

20.9

Commerce, Hotels & Restaurants

6.3

Transportation, Storage & Communications

35.5

Services & Other Branches

100

Total  


 
Estimated Population in Palestine by Region and Sex End 2016

Region

Both Sex

Sex

Male

Female

Palestine

4,884,336

2,482,234

2,402,102

West Bank

2,972,069

1,510,377

1,461,692

Gaza Strip

1,912,267

971,857

940,410


 
Average Household Size in Palestine by Region, 2013-2015

Region

2013

2014

2015

Palestine

5.2

5.2

5.2

West Bank

4.9

4.9

4.9

Gaza Strip

50.8

5.7

5.7



Basic and Secondary Education Indicators in Palestine, 2011/2012-2015/2016

Indicator

Scholastic Years

2012/2013

2013/2014

2014/2015

2015/2016

2017/2016

Schools

Government

2,038

2,063

2,095

2,135

2,174

UNRWA

344

342

349

353

363

Private

371

379

412

409

422

Total

2,753

2,784

2,856

2,897

2,959

Students

Males

563,406

571,908

581,095

596,144

612,340

Females

573,333

579,794

590,501

603,722

620,206

Both Sexes

1,136,739

1,151,702

1,171,596

1,199,866

1,232,546

Teachers

Males

21,408

21,738

26,155

21,717

21,514

Females

31,282

32,145

39,020

33,396

34,356

Both Sexes

52,690

53,883

65,175

55,113

55,870

 
 
*Data for the scholastic year 2015/2016 are primary
 Note: The data doesn’t include school affiliated with Israeli Municipality and Culture Committee in Jerusalem

 
Higher Education Indicators in Palestine, 2012/2013-2015/2016

Indicator

Scholastic Years

2012/2013

2013/2014

2014/2015

2015/2016

University Students*

Males

81,052

80,423

114,346

79,809

Females

120,256

123,005

169,503

124,936

Both Sexes

201,308

203,428

283,849

204,745

University Graduates*

Males

13,536

15,932

15,369

..

Females

20,979

24,111

24,303

..

Both Sexes

34,515

40,043

39,672

..

Teaching Staff at Universities**

Males

5,309

4,879

5,269

5,066

Females

1,332

1,222

1,414

1,459

Both Sexes

6,641

6,101

6,683

6,525

Community College Students

Males

6,391

5,691

6,413

5,376

Females

5,882

5,432

5,857

5,907

Both Sexes

12,273

11,123

12,270

11,283

Community College Graduates

Males

1,555

1,435

1,579

..

Females

1,775

1,778

2,293

..

Both Sexes

3,330

3,213

3,872

..

Teaching Staff at Community College **

Males

322

310

338

371

Females

105

106

109

115

Both Sexes

427

416

447

486


*University data include Students and graduates of intermediate diploma, bachelor and graduate studies in universities and university colleges,
 
** Full time and Part time.
*** Data for the stochastic year 2014/2015 are primary.

  
Cultural Institutions Operating in Palestine by Type and Governorate, 2014
Region
Type of Institution
Cultural Centers
Museums
Theaters
Cinema
Total
Palestine
596
31
12
3
642
West Bank
515
26
9
3
553
Gaza Strip
81
5
3
..
89