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Demography and Labor Forces
 

The following sections provide information about human resources in Palestine, including its level of quality, availability, cost, and legal issues.

Labor Law
The PA recently passed a draft to harmonize the separate laws between the West Bank and Gaza. . The following table outlines the new amalgamated labor practices and policies.

 

Issue
Policy
Work Day / Week Maximum 45 hrs/week; no daily
Weekly Holiday One day per-week, any day
Overtime Pay 150% of salary for overtime
Annual Leave Minimum of 14 days for the first 5 years of employment; minimum of 21 days thereafter. **
Severance Pay 1 month of salary (excluding overtime hours) accrued per year, with no accumulation .
Worker's Accident Insurance All employers are required to carry insurance for employees.
Sick Leave Days 1-14=100% of salary; Days 15 - 28=50% of salary.
Minimum Wage 1,450 NIS
Transportation Reimbursement None required.
Maternity Leave 100% of pay for a total leave period of 10 weeks, providing that 6 weeks are taken after the delivery day.
Social Security and Medical Insurance None
 Source: Labor Law

 
 
Percentage Distribution of Population Aged 15 Years and Above in Palestine by Labour Force Status and Region, 2015 (ILO Definition)
Gaza Strip
West Bank
Palestine
 Labour Force Status (Inside Labour Force)
55.9
79.9
71.2
Full Employment 
3.1
2.8
2.9
Time Related Underemployment
41.0 17.3 25.9 Unemployment
100
100
100
Total
 
Gaza Strip
West Bank
Palestine
 Labour Force Status (Outside Labour Force)
47.5
45.3
46.1
Housekeeping
36.3
30.5
32.6
Study
12.3 13.4 13.0 Old/ill
3.9 10.8 8.3 Other
100
100
100
Total
 
 

  
Persons Aged 15 Years and Above in Palestine by Labour Force Characteristics and Region, 2012-2015 (ILO Definition)
Labour Force Characteristics and Region
2012
2013
2014
2015
Palestine
Labour Force Participation Rate
43.6
43.6
45.8
45.8
Unemployment Rate
23.0
23.4
26.9
25.9
West Bank
Labour Force Participation Rate
45.5
45.0
46.6
46.1
Unemployment Rate
19.0
18.6
17.7
17.3
Gaza Strip
Labour Force Participation Rate
40.2
41.2
44.4
45.3
Unemployment Rate
31.0
32.6
43.9
41.0


Percentage Distribution of Employed Persons Aged 15 Years and Above in Palestine by Economic Activity, 2015
 
2015
Economic Activity
8.7
Agricultural, Hunting, Forestry & Fishing
13.0
Mining, Quarrying & Manufacturing
15.5
Construction
20.6
Commerce, Hotels & Restaurants
5.8
Transportation, Storage & Communications
36.4
Services & Other Branches
100
Total
 

 
Estimated Population in Palestine by Region and Sex End 2016
Region
Both Sex
Sex
Male
Female
Palestine
4,816,503
2,447,616
2,368,887
West Bank
2,935,368
1,491,645
1,443,723
Gaza Strip
1,881,135
955,971
925,164
 

 
Average Household Size in Palestine by Region, 2013-2015
Region
2013
2014
2015
Palestine
5.2
5.2
5.2
West Bank
4.9
4.9
4.9
Gaza Strip
50.8
5.7
5.7
 

 
Basic and Secondary Education Indicators in Palestine, 2011/2012-2015/2016
Indicator
Scholastic Years
2011/2012
2012/2013
2013/2014
2014/2015
2015/2016*
Schools
Government
2,005
2,038
2,063
2,095
2,135
UNRWA
343
344
342
349
353
Private
359
371
379
412
409
Total
2,707
2,753
2,784
2,856
2,897
Students
Males
562,162
563,406
571,908
581,095
596,144
Females
567,376
573,333
579,794
590,501
603,722
Both Sexes
1,129,538
1,136,739
1,151,702
1,171,596
1,199,866
Teachers
Males
21,327
21,408
21,738
26,155
21,717
Females
31,006
31,282
32,145
39,020
33,396
Both Sexes
52,333
52,690
53,883
65,175
55,113

 

*Data for the scholastic year 2015/2016 are primary
 Note: The data doesn’t include school affiliated with Israeli Municipality and Culture Committee in Jerusalem
 

 
Higher Education Indicators in Palestine, 2011/2012-2014/2015
Indicator
Scholastic Years
2011/2012
2012/2013
2013/2014
2014/2015
University Students*
Males
85,190
81,052
80,423
114,346
Females
119,930
120,256
123,005
169,503
Both Sexes
205,120
201,308
203,428
283,849
University Graduates*
Males
13,058
13,536
15,932
..
Females
19,493
20,979
24,111
..
Both Sexes
32,551
34,515
40,043
..
Teaching Staff at Universities**
Males
5,340
5,309
4,879
..
Females
1,285
1,332
1,222
..
Both Sexes
6,625
6,641
6,101
7,130
Community College Students
Males
6,853
6,391
5,691
6,413
Females
5,234
5,882
5,432
5,857
Both Sexes
12,087
12,273
11,123
12,270
Community College Graduates
Males
1,403
1,555
1,435
..
Females
1,537
1,775
1,778
..
Both Sexes
2,940
3,330
3,213
..
Teaching Staff at Community College **
Males
240
322
310
338
Females
105
105
106
109
Both Sexes
345
427
416
447

 

*University data include Students and graduates of intermediate diploma, bachelor and graduate studies in universities and university colleges,
** Full time and Part time.
*** Data for the stochastic year 2014/2015 are primary.

  
Cultural Institutions Operating in Palestine by Type and Governorate, 2014
Region
Type of Institution
Cultural Centers
Museums
Theaters
Cinema
Total
Palestine
596
31
12
4
643
West Bank
515
26
9
4
554
Gaza Strip
81
5
3
..
89